The corporation was originally two companies: National Allied Publications, Inc. (also known as National Allied Newspaper Syndicate, Inc.) which was founded by Major Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson in autumn 1934[note 1] to publish New Fun, the first American comic book with all-original material rather than comic strip reprints, and Detective Comics, Inc., formed in 1937 with Wheeler-Nicholson and Jack S. Liebowitz listed as owners. Wheeler-Nicholson remained for a year before being forced out in 1938, and Detective Comics, Inc. purchased the remains of National Allied Publications.:20
National Allied and Detective Comics, Inc. merged to become National Comics Publications, Inc. on September 30, 1946, absorbing Max Gaines' and Liebowitz's All-American Publications as well.:50 National Comics was renamed National Periodical Publications, Inc. in 1961.:102
Despite the official names "National Comics" and "National Periodical Publications", the company began branding itself as "Superman-DC" as early as the 1950s, and it became known colloquially as DC Comics for years before the official adoption of that name in 1977.
Re-branded as DC Comics in 1977
National Allied Publications
Successor DC Comics
Founded September 30, 1946
Headquarters New York City, U.S.
Products Comic books
Parent Kinney National Company (1967–1972)
Warner Communications (1972–1977)